6. The basilica of the Acropolis
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  • At the end of the 6th century and in the first half of the 7th century the whole of the island of Cyprus underwent a period of prosperity which manifested itself, in particular, in the (re)construction of a number of religious edifices. This is the case with Amathus where the largest basilica is located by the sea. Therefore, the acropolis is less densely inhabited than the city below but its summit was entirely rebuilt after the razing of the temple and the other structures dedicated to Aphrodite.

    Ground plan of the sanctuary (M. Schmid, J. Laragné / Archives EFA, 42009)
    Ground plan of the sanctuary (M. Schmid, J. Laragné / Archives EFA, 42009)
     
    The section that is presently under excavation is laid out in a large quadrilateral measuring 60 x 46 meters whose northeastern corner is taken up by a small basilica that forms an almost perfect rectangle (25 x 24 m). A large portion of this space was formerly occupied by an open-air courtyard (atrium) at the center of which was dug a great cistern with a vaulted cover which, like the two other cisterns and the two ancient vases left there, served as a reservoir for storing water on a hill without springs. The church consists of three naves with apses in the central part, preceded by a narthex and exonarthex to which several annexes were adjoined, eight to the north and four to the south; elevated platforms were erected above the narthex and lateral naves.

    Pavement in opus sectile (Ph. Collet / Archives EFA, Y.1440)
    Pavement in opus sectile (Ph. Collet / Archives EFA, Y.1440)


    Plaque decorated with pomegranates (J. Humbert / Archives EFA, 33161)
    Plaque decorated with pomegranates (J. Humbert / Archives EFA, 33161)
     
    Almost nothing remains – aside from the tiles – of the upper parts of the edifice, or the marble columns of the interior, however the paving is fairly well-preserved: it appears in the form of an opus sectile polychrome (ground composed of an assemblage of squares of marble, limestone and terracotta) in which certain elements were fragments of marble slabs with champlevé decoration (birds, plant motifs) which in all probability came from the decoration of the temple transformed into a church. It is not known whom the little basilica, that was only briefly in use, was dedicated to, because it was abandoned, as was the rest of the site, at the end of the 7th century.


    A. Hermary, trans. A.M. Schroth-Daskalakis
     

    ARCHIMAGE : The latest pictures

    IMAGE
    Thasos - Acropole ; Athénaion (sanctuaire d'Athéna), GTh 65 - R1765-003

    Sujet : vase Matériau : argile Technique : tourné, Catégorie : figure noire, Fragment : panse, Origine : Attique,
    Archimage is intended to gradually put online the graphic and photographic documents, kept in the Archives service of FSA.

    Archaeology in Greece ONLINE

    LAVREOTIKI, Melissia Iatrou-6095
    Lavreotiki, Melissia Iatrou, Kokkori-Demou plot. Manolis Psarros (B' ????) reports on the discovery of two 4th c. B.C. building complexes and a road to their north (Figs. 1, 2, 3). The east building is gamma-shaped and consists of 5 rooms and a courtyard. Only two rooms of the western building were excavated. One of them contained the stone base of a wooden column, which supported the roof (Fig. 4). The eastern building had grey floors of beaten earth and a subfloor of white/off-white beaten earth of unknown geological composition (Fig. 5). The same sub-floor was also found in the western building. Finds from the buildings include lamps (Fig. 6), drinking vessels, sherds from beehives (Fig. 7) and lekanes, some of which had been repaired with lead clamps (Fig. 8). D. Parra, A. Kapetaniou
    ....
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