Historical discussion and history of research
  • The School
  • Research
  • Academic events
  • Training
  • Documentary resources
  • Publications
  • Members

    Chronological points of reference:

    Absolute dating (BC)
    Late Minoan IIIA
    Late Minoan IIIB
    Late Minoan IIIC
    Early Geometric
    Middle Geometric
    Late Geometric
    IRON AGE Archaic

    The place was the subject of the attention of Crete's first explorers from the end of the nineteenth century onwards. During his visit, L. Mariani noted the Cyclopean character of the walls of the terraces that cover, in a circular arc oriented northeast, the slopes of the central valley. There he identified the remains of a 'pre-Hellenic city' comparable to those at Lato. The excavations undertaken by P. Demargne on 19-23 August 1929 disproved this initial impression; in addition to a deposit of votive objects from the Geometric to Classical eras found on the northern side of the west peak ('Kako Plai') and tombs dated to between Late Minoan IIIC and the Geometric era situated below (at 'Lami'), his report of 1931 mentions six ancient terraces, from which surveys yielded shards that were 'clearly Geometric'. For Demargne, however, in the inhabited sector the results were disappointing; no whole vases were discovered, and 'the almost complete lack of earth' considerably limited the possibilities for excavation. With the exception of a partition wall on one of the terraces, the internal architecture appeared not to have been preserved. In 1990, A. Farnoux and J. Driessen undertook an exploration of the range's top layer and noticed the presence of Late Minoan IIIC material in the area of the houses. Moreover, 300m further west they found a thick north-south wall that appeared to demarcate the edge of the occupied area. In 2006, rescue excavations were carried out by the Greek archaeological service (director: V. Zographaki) in the inhabited area and the sector with the tombs. In parallel to this, the study of the material from the old excavations was resumed by M. Pomadère, O. Pilz and M. Krumme. In 2012 and then 2014, new rescue excavations were conducted by the Greek archaeological service. As a result two dwelling houses were uncovered in 2012 and the construction of the massive terrace walls that divide up the slopes of the central valley was dated to the Late Geometric era. The excavations also suggested that that inhabited area was progressively abandoned at the beginning of the seventh century. Traces of a Middle Minoan II (1800-1650 BC) sanctuary and a Late Minoan IIIC building were also discovered in 2014 on the eastern part of the range, respectively on the peak of Vigla and below it.

    Topographical plan of Anavlochos from 1931 (after Demargne 1931: 369 fig. 4)

    © EfA / F. Gaignerot-Driessen



    ARCHIMAGE : The latest pictures

    Thasos - Acropole ; Athénaion (sanctuaire d'Athéna), GTh 65 - R1454-002

    Sujet : vase attique Matériau : argile Technique : tourné Cat.style : figure noir état de conservation : fragment
    Archimage is intended to gradually put online the graphic and photographic documents, kept in the Archives service of FSA.

    Archaeology in Greece ONLINE

    MOSCHATO - HSAP railway tracks-6099
    Moschato, HSAP railway tracks, (halfway between Kallithea and Moschato stations). Anna Maria Anagnostopoulou (???' ????) and Maria Raftopoulou (???' ????) report on the discovery of a stretch of the South or Middle Long Wall (Figs. 1, 2, 3). Specifically, the internal (north) face of the wall was excavated for a length of 38 m. It has an E-W orientation and runs parallel to the railway tracks. A three-stepped krepis was found and the orthostates. These were made from good quality poros stone from the Piraeus. Tool marks are visible on the boulders. The fill of the wall, in-between the orthostates, consisted of rubble. Mud bricks, which were not found, would have been placed on top of this fill. A stone staircase, which would have led to the top of the wall, was also found. More walls were
    A collaborative project with the BSA.