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  • Delos is one of the smallest islands in the Cyclades. It extends about 5km from north to south and is at no point more than 1300m wide (its surface area is 360 ha). The coastline is mostly steep and offers only a few anchorages. The island barely emerges from the surface of the sea, compared with the prominent landscapes of the other islands in the Aegean Sea.

    From north to south, it can be divided into three sections:

    • the area of peninsulas and gneiss formations, very exposed to the prevailing winds from the northeast.
    • the plain, where the town's religious centre was located.
    • the Cynthus massif (113m), continued to the south by that of Kato Vardhia.
       
    Mount Cynthus, view from the south
    Northern cape peninsula

    The climate is semi-arid, with rain in autumn and winter, a very short spring, followed by a long dry season, cooled between July and September by the meltem, a wind from the north. Delos is not lacking in water: it enjoys the benefits of a shallow groundwater table, reached in the town by wells and collected in the countryside simply by digging ditches. The island's inhabitants arranged their soil into farming terraces and created large reservoir basins to catch runoff water, which was used to irrigate some parts of the countryside or for the town's water supply.

    Delos is surrounded by several islands and islets that belong to the same archaeological complex as it does. In addition to Mykonos, of which only a part was linked to Delos, there is:

    • the two Rhevmatiari islands, opposite the western coastline of Delos. Only the Greater Rhevmatiari, to the south, has yielded archaeological remains.
    • Rhenea (today known as 'Great Delos') was an annex of ancient Delos and, in particular, was used as a necropolis. A sanctuary of Artemis and farms administered by the Sanctuary of Apollo were located there. The ancient town of Rhenea was situated in the northwest part of the island.
    • Kherroniso, at the southern tip of the island of Delos.
    • the Prasonissia islets, off the eastern coast of Delos.
       
    Delos and Rhenea

    © Efa / F. Ducat

    ARCHIMAGE : The latest pictures

    IMAGE
    Thasos - Acropole ; Athénaion (sanctuaire d'Athéna), GTh 65 - L10034-021

    rempart sanctuaire, mur, trace, rocher, parement externe Matériau : marbre,
    Archimage is intended to gradually put online the graphic and photographic documents, kept in the Archives service of FSA.

    Archaeology in Greece ONLINE

    TAVROS - OSE-6106
    Tavros, OSE works, Konstantinoupoleos St. Maria Petritaki (???' ????) reports on the discovery of antiquities dating from the end of the 8th c. B.C. until Late Roman times (Fig. 1). Specifically, a road, a cemetery and a farmstead were found. The road dates from the 5th c. B.C. to the Hellenistic period. It was excavated for 58.5 m. and has retaining walls on both sides. Three consecutive road surfaces were identified made of sand, pebbles and small stones. Wheel ruts were preserved on parts of the road. The cemetery lies next to road and has a peribolos wall made with rubble. It dates from the Late Geometric to the 5th c. B.C. and includes 23 burials: 15 pyres, 4 cremations in pithoi, 1 terracotta larnax, 2 pit graves and a burial in a pithos (Fig. 2). The earliest burials date to the la
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