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  • The Hellenistic harbour of Amathus
    Underwater excavations, 1984-1986
    Volume 1. Architecture and history

    Jean-Yves Empereur, Tony Kozelj, Olivier Picard, Manuela Wurch-Kozelj
     
    40 €

    Collection et numéro : Études Chypriotes XIX
    Année : 2017
    Éditeur(s) : École française d’Athènes
    ISBN : 978-2-86958-293-4
    Largeur : 21 cm
    Hauteur : 29.7 cm
    Poids : 676 g
    Nombre de pages : 168
    Distributeurs : Peeters Publishers
    Statut : en stock
    Langue : Anglais
    Support : livre broché
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    Nous livrons ici le résultat des trois campagnes de la fouille sous-marine du port d’Amathonte de Chypre en 1984-1986, exceptionnel monument d’architecture militaire de la haute époque hellénistique. Après une description de la vingtaine de sondages entrepris le long des môles, on trouvera une nomenclature des blocs mis en œuvre dans la construction, leurs modules, la typologie des systèmes de préhension pour leur levage ainsi que pour leur mise en place par une grue à flèche verticale qui progressait au fur et à mesure de la construction du môle. On décrira les carrières voisines dans lesquelles ont été retrouvés les négatifs des blocs employés dans les môles. Les monnaies contribuent à attribuer la construction à Démétrios Poliorcète après sa victoire navale à Salamine en 306 avant J.-C. et l’abandon lors de la reprise de l’île par Ptolémée Ier en 294.
    Dans une seconde partie, nous étudions les puits romains tardifs fouillés sur le côté nord du bassin, témoins des forts changements du niveau marin.
     


    We present here the results of three underwater excavation campaigns conducted between 1984 and 1986 on the harbour of Amathus, Cyprus, an exceptional monument of military architecture from the Early Hellenistic era. After a description of the twenty sondages undertaken along the moles, there follows a nomenclature of the blocks employed in the construction, their modules, the typology of bosses for hoisting and placing by a vertical boom crane, which gradually advanced along the mole as it was being built. We describe the nearby quarries in which negatives of the blocks used in the moles were found. The coins have pointed to the attribution of the construction to Demetrius Poliorcetes after his naval victory at Salamis in 306 BC, and the abandonment during the reconquest of the island by Ptolemy I in 294.
    In the second part, we study the Late Roman wells that were excavated on the north side of the harbour basin, which testify to large changes in sea level.

     


    Preface and acknowledgements, par Jean-Yves Empereur
    Introduction, par Jean-Yves Empereur
    A brief history of the excavations
    The three campaigns
    1984
    1985
    1986
    Excavation methods
    Part I. The Hellenistic harbour
    Chapter 1. The architecture of the Hellenistic harbour, par Jean-Yves Empereur et Tony Kozelj
    The West Mole
    The east side, to the north, Sondage 8
    The exterior of the corner of the West and South Moles, Sondages 5 and 6
    The South Mole
    Sondages 4 and 7
    The north side, Sondage A
    The South Mole, south side, the covered channel
    The East Mole and the entrance to the harbour
    Sondages 1, 3, 13, south of the bottleneck entrance
    Sondages 2, 12, 14, East Mole, north side of the harbour entrance channel
    The East Mole, further to the north, Sondages 15, 16, 17 and 18
    Construction methods. Typology, modules and installation of the harbour blocks; machinery
    Typology of the harbour blocks
    The number of blocks used in the construction of the harbour
    The modules of the block, par Tony Kozelj et Manuela Wurch-Kozelj
    Placing the blocks: description if the machinery
    Chapter 2. The stone quarries of Amathus harbour, par Tony Kozelj et Manuela Wurch-Kozelj
    The quarry of Amathus [169]
    The quarry of Vikles
    Chapter 3. History of the Hellenistic harbour, par Jean-Yves Empereur
    The testimonia
    Fixing the chronology. Historical sources and archaeological evidence
    Amathus harbour, a military installation
    Part II. Post-harbour history
    Chapter 4. The archaeological remains
    The beachrock, par Jean-Yves Empereur et Tony Kozelj
    The beachrock lines
    The north side of the harbour and the inner basin
    The question of the shipsheds
    Sea level. A later rise
    The wells, par Jean-Yves Empereur et Tony Kozelj
    Well No. 1
    Well No. 2
    The sakieh (waterwheel)
    The other wells
    An abundance of wells
    Noria or sakieh: defining the terms
    The wells and the history of the port
    The coins found in Amathus harbour, par Olivier Picard
    Conclusion. Amathus harbour, a remarkable and enigmatic monument, par Jean-Yves Empereur
    A remarkable state of preservation
    Looking backwards and forwards. An overview
    Bibliography
    Bibliography of the excavations of Amathus harbour
    General bibliography
    Chronological table




     

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